Pubertal Functions in Women away from Qazvin State, Iran

Adolescence try a life threatening time passed between youthfulness and you may adulthood. Many studies has stated that the brand new indicate age of breast advancement try coming down. The purpose of this research would be to render up-to-date data towards the the new pubertal development of lady in order to see precocious adolescence in our very own society.


This cross sectional study was conducted in 6 to 16 year old school girls during 2009-2010 in Qazvin. 2240 healthy girls from all geographical regions with every socioeconomic status were selected by a stratified multistage cluster design to obtain representative sample of population. A questionnaire including demographic data, anthropometric measurements, secondary sexual characteristics, menarche status and its onset was filled out for every participant. Secondary sexual characteristics including breast development (B1–5) and pubic hair (PH1–5) were evaluated according to Marshal and Tanner recommendation.


The mean±SD of height, weight, and BMI of participants was 139.7±14.5, 36.1±12.9 and 17.9±3.7 respectively. The mean age (10th – 90th percentile) of B2 and PH2 were 9.71(7.67–11.4) and 9.82 years (7.84–) respectively. Mean age of menstruation was years. The mean BMI was significantly higher in pubertal females comparing to prepubertal girls (P Keywords: Puberty Onset, Breast Development, Pubic Hair, Menstruation, Girls


Adolescence is actually a significant time between youngsters and you will adulthood and that’s initiated centrally having reactivation of one’s gonadotropin starting hormones (GnRH) heart circulation creator which in women causes the brand new arousal away from estradiol creation. Puberty start is based on the look of breast buds into the lady as the nipple structure is the no. 1 address to possess estradiol. Menarche always takes place in center or later puberty [1–3]. New criteria having sexual readiness steps in people was earliest discussed of the Marshall and Tanner inside 1969 .

Regular start of adolescence may differ in numerous communities there is of many standards comprising hereditary and ecological items, geographical place and you may nutrients which can connect with this course of action [step one, 5, 6].

Many studies keeps stated that the latest indicate chronilogical age of breast advancement was decreasing [5–9]. Obesity also can influence brand new timing out of pubertal initiation and you may hormonal pattern .

Testing of your own onset of sexual creativity is necessary having precise translation of endocrine and you will gains status within the teens. National research in these goals may serve as set up a baseline having evaluating secular style inside pubertal innovation; furthermore such research facilitate the brand new planning out of normative conditions having puberty. The aim of this research was to give upgraded study on brand new pubertal growth of people and check precocious puberty when you look at the our very own populace.

Subjects and methods

This cross-sectional studies was presented inside the 6 to 16 many years old elementary and you may middle school females last year so you can 2010 inside Qazvin – a neighbor hood discovered 150 kilometres Southwestern out-of Tehran with Mediterranean climate and you may springtime rainfall.

This study is theoretically inserted because venture Zero. 701 on College of Medicine, Qazvin University off Medical Sciences. The study process is passed by search deputy, stability committee away from Qazvin University off Medical Sciences and Qazvin workplace regarding studies. Written advised agree are extracted from players and their mothers. In the event the a female didn’t come with tendency to take part in the study, try excluded. Also one persistent problems or medication that might affect growth and you will puberty is actually at the mercy of exception. Suit status is outlined on such basis as record, health info and actual test.

Complete 2270 female one of a maximum of 12226 people regarding social Pomona CA chicas escort and personal schools of all geographical regions with every socioeconomic condition was in fact chosen by good stratified multistage people structure locate user examples of people. 12 of these had no tendency to take part; its qualities were not notably distinct from anybody else and you may 18 women was basically excluded due to underlain disease otherwise medication.

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